Pleural mesothelioma, also known as pulmonary mesothelioma, is the most commonly diagnosed type of mesothelioma that accounts for about 75% of all diagnosed patients. The prognosis for mesothelioma patients may be poor, but if the disease occurs early, the response to treatment is more likely to be successful, which may help to prolong survival.
The most common form of mesothelioma is found in the pleural membrane due to the way that asbestos enters the body; The lining of the lungs. Rarely than lung cancer, approximately 2,500 new cases were detected each year in the United States.
However, mesothelioma with low survival rates is extremely debilitating. Pleural mesothelioma, like other forms of mesothelioma, is also difficult to detect at an early stage. It takes a long time to make his presence conscious because the pleural membrane may be asleep. Symptoms of mesothelioma may last up to 50 years.
In addition, the indication can easily interfere with common respiratory tract disorders such as influenza, bronchitis or pneumonia. These symptoms are usually shortness of breath, cough, chest pain, fever, blood draw, difficulty in swallowing, or fluid accumulation in the chest cavity. Excess fatigue, loss of appetite and subsequent weight loss are other symptoms associated with the disease.
Because these symptoms are confused with doctors, when the cancer development reaches Stage 3, the disease is usually diagnosed correctly. Symptoms become more severe as cancer progresses. Unfortunately, the disease is often at an advanced stage when this happens, and physicians have difficulty in completely removing tumors.
As in pericardial and peritoneal mesothelioma, there are three main treatment options for pleural mesothelioma: surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. None can cure cancer, but it can add months or even years to the life of a mesothelioma patient. Most physicians will use a combination of the most popular treatments for a higher success rate.
The most invasive procedure is surgery. This form of mesothelioma affects the lining of the lungs and organs, protected by rib cage. A surgeon must cut ribs to reach the affected area.
There are two types of surgical procedures at the time of pleurectomy / decortication (removal of the pleura) and more radical extrapleural pneumonectomy (surgical resection of the affected lung and surrounding parietal and visceral pleura).
In either case, the surgeon may take the entire diaphragm or the pericardial sac. In addition, as a result of these operations one or more ribs are removed from the patient’s body. Patients are in good physical condition to continue such an invasive procedure. As a result, the majority of patients in the advanced stage of pulmonary mesothelioma are not typically characterized.
Possible side effects in the surgeon:
Blood sputum and / or bleeding
Chemotherapy is less invasive than surgery and helps to reduce the size of malignant mesothelioma tumors in the pleura. However, since this treatment does not treat mesothelioma, Chemotherapy helps relieve symptoms and prolongs the patient’s life. It is also used to remove any cancerous cells left behind after surgery.
Side Effects of Chemotherapy:
Patients can easily bleed and / or decay due to diminished blood platelets
Hair loss from chemotherapy drugs that attack healthy hair follicle cells
Mouth wounds and cuts
Nausea may also include vomiting areas
Low white cell count causes possible infections
Feeling of lack of energy and numbness
Radiation therapy is an effective treatment modality for mesothelioma cases, especially when combined with extracorporeal pneumonectomy surgery. Radiotherapy involves the killing of cancer cells with high energy radiation doses.
This treatment is exclusively used in the cases of pleural mesothelioma, depending on the abundance of possible adverse side effects in the peritoneal mesothelioma cases. Radiotherapy can be used to prevent the cancer from returning to the surgically treated areas, or to slow the progression of cancer where surgery is not a viable option. Targeted radiation treatments also help alleviate the pain of a patient at the same time. (more…)